9. Planoj pri veturado

The Conditional Mood

is expressed by the verb ending -us:

  • mi kredus – I would believe, I should think
  • Se mi estus sana, mi estus tre feliĉa. – If I were (was) well I would (should) be very happy.

Kvazaŭ

is used as a conjunction, normally followed by the conditional:

  • Vi sidas tie kvazaŭ vi estus riĉulo. – You are sitting there as if you were a wealthy man.

It can also by used elliptically:

  • Vi sidas tie kvazaŭ riĉulo. – You are sitting there as if rich.

The Suffix -ad

is used to make a noun form a verb:

  • kanti – to sing
    • kantado – (the act of) singing
  • suferi – to suffer
    • suferado – suffering

It also conveys the idea of continued or repeated action:

  • rigardi – to look
    • rigardadi – to go on looking, to gaze
  • demandi – to ask a question
    • demandadi – to keep asking questions
  • informo – information
    • informado – publicity

The Suffix -ar

indicates a collection of objects viewed as a whole:

  • arbo – tree
    • arbaro – wood, forest
  • vagono – coach
    • vagonaro – train
  • vorto – word
    • vortaro – dictionary

The Suffix -um

is a joker suffix, with no fixed meaning:

  • plena – full
    • plenumi – to fulfil
  • proksima – close
    • proksimume – approximately
  • suno – sun
    • sunumi – to sunbath
  • malvarmumi – to catch a cold